Thursday, July 30, 2020

Layton and Kaysville Spurs

Today, we'll move south to the Kaysville and Layton area of Davis County and talk about some of the state routes in that part of the Wasatch Front. More specifically, we'll talk about SR 109, the original 110, and 206.

Although the major through routes through the area had existed since the earliest days of the highway system, it wasn't until 1931 that branches off the main highways were added as state routes. Among them were SR 109 and SR 110, which were both spurs west from US 91 (designated SR 1 in state law):
(109) From route 1 at Layton westerly four miles.
(110) From Kaysville westerly to West Kaysville.
As a side note, the next two spurs off US 91 to the north were SR 108 and SR 107 (which you can read about here). So SRs 107, 108, 109, and 110 were all spurs off US 91, increasing to the south. It's cool to see how route number systems were organized in the past, and also sad to see how little effort has been expended to maintain that number organization.

In the legislative description, "Layton" referred to the intersection of Main Street and Gentile Street, the origin of Layton's street-numbering grid. The unusual street name most likely derives from a common practice in 1800s Utah of referring to non-Mormons as "Gentiles"; apparently the street was named after the two non-Mormon settlers that lived near the west end of it.

At any rate, 109 began at Main and went west on Gentile "four miles". That suggests a western terminus at the intersection with Bluff Road, which is confirmed by a 1940 Census Bureau map and a later USGS map as well.

US Census, 1940.

SR 110 was very similar to 109, just in the next town south. It began in Kaysville at US 91 (Main Street) and ran west to a place called "West Kaysville". That was located at the intersection of 200 North and Angel Street:

US Census, 1940.

In 1939, another spur from US 91 was created, but this one ran north-south:
Beginning at route 1 in Clearfield, and running south approximately four and one-half miles.
That began at the point in Clearfield where US 91 (now SR 126) curved from a southward to a southeastward direction - basically, this is a five-way intersection between Main Street (N/S), Center Street (E/W), and State Street (SE). From there, SR 206 went south on Main Street into Layton, where the name changed to 3200 West. The route continued to Gentile Street (SR 109).

That route is not fully drivable today because it is cut in two places: once by the Union Pacific Railroad, and again further south by the Freeport Center. But back in 1939, the Freeport Center didn't exist and there was a railroad crossing, so the section line road simply continued through. The 206 designation was too new to make it onto the 1940 census maps, but the road can be seen:

US Census, 1940.

In 1941, SR 110 was extended eastward. Rather than ending at US 91 in downtown Kaysville, it now continued east up 200 North to US 89 (legally SR 49):

USGS (Kaysville), 1955.

(Notice US 91 had been moved to bypass Kaysville by the time that map was made, though this did not change anything about 110.)

In 1942, due to World War II, a large area of land in Clearfield was set aside as the Clearfield Naval Supply Depot, which resulted in the closure of SR 206 between 700 South and 1700 South (SR 108; Syracuse Road, now Antelope Drive). The legislative description was not updated to reflect this, possibly because it was thought the Naval Supply Depot would be a temporary thing. But even after the war ended, the depot remained, and the north end of SR 206 was truncated to SR 108.

USGS (Clearfield), 1955.

The Naval Supply Depot was decommissioned in 1962. Some of the land became the Clearfield Job Corps, but most of it became the Freeport Center - a significant warehouse, manufacturing, and distribution center for over 70 companies.

None of these three routes were changed until 1969, when a mass decommissioning took a heavy toll on the state routes in this area. All of SRs 109, 110, and 206 were deleted as route designations...

...however, SR 109 was immediately recreated...on the same street as it had followed originally! But instead of heading west from Main Street in Layton, the new SR 109 went east. It ran along Gentile Street and Oak Hills Drive, from US 91 (now SR 126) east to US 89. The route hasn't changed since; interestingly, it is one of the few state highways to cross I-15 without any sort of interchange.

Unknown (UDOT?), 1983.

The entirety of original SR 109 and 206 were decommissioned and from the state system. Most of SR 110 was, too, but the short segment between I-15 and Kaysville's Main Street has been retained as part of SR 273.

Route Photos

SR 109

SR 109 eastbound reassurance shield as we head out of downtown Layton. 

In typical UDOT fashion, the route have newer traffic lights that include the shield along with the name.
This is weird, though - not only is there no shield, but there's no suffix, either. In Utah this practice is generally restricted to Salt Lake City or older signs in Murray, but there are a handful in Layton. To my knowledge this is the only example on a state highway. 
A school zone was in full force even though we were in the middle of a pandemic and there was no school in session.

Gentile Street veers off to the left here. SR 109 will become Oak Hills Drive.
The thick development common to most of the Wasatch Front hasn't really made it to this area yet, so 109 takes on an exurban feel here.

It also affords great views of the Wasatch Mountains, here with a little bit of snow left on top.

To be honest this is probably my favorite state highway in Davis County.

But all good things must come to an end. 109's end is coming up as we approach US 89.

Turn left on 89 for Ogden and right for Salt Lake.

SR 109 ends here.

For many years, this intersection has been marked by an erroneous "SR 89" sign. But that likely won't last through the next year, because 89 is currently in the process of being upgraded to a freeway.

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

SR 39 and Eastern Ogden

One of the most scenic drives Utah has to offer is the Ogden River Scenic Byway, which is really two drives rolled into one: Ogden Canyon and the Monte Cristo Highway, both of which are SR 39. In this post, we'll look at the history of SR 39 as well as some of the routes it connects to in the Ogden area.

The view from Monte Cristo Peak, easily accessible from SR 39.

The road now known as SR 39 dates all the way back to July 18, 1911, when the state legislature added a road from Ogden to Huntsville to the state highway system. In 1919, this road was included in section F of the state highway law, which defined a corridor from Ogden through Huntsville and Woodruff to Randolph. Over the next two years, a federal-aid project made improvements to the Ogden-Huntsville road. The portion from Woodruff north to Randolph was transferred to another highway in 1921 (that would become SR 3, and is now SR 16). And in 1927, when numbers were assigned to all state highways, the Ogden-Woodruff highway became SR 39.

Back then, 39 followed significantly different alignments through Ogden and Huntsville than it does today. The original western terminus was in downtown Ogden, at Washington Blvd (US 91) and 24th Street. From there, it went east on 24th, north on Harrison Blvd, and northeast on Valley Drive into Ogden Canyon:

US Census, 1940.

It also followed a different alignment through Huntsville. Before 1934, Pineview Reservoir did not exist. I don't know of any detail maps of the area from that far back, but this map suggests a route into Huntsville directly from the west:

Rand McNally/Texaco (Idaho-Montana-Wyoming), 1937.

Perhaps that route came through Cemetery Point and entered directly on First Street. At any rate, construction on Pineview Dam began in 1934...but the dam was smaller than it is now, and Huntsville was simply located at the east end of it rather than on a peninsula. The new 1930s alignment of SR 39 entered from the south on 7100 East, then turned east on First Street:

USGS (Huntsville), 1955.

In 1935, the state created SR 103, continuing a state highway south on Harrison to US 30S southeast of Ogden:
From junction with route 39 in Ogden southerly via Harrison Avenue to junction with route 5 near Uintah.
Route 5 was just the legislative designation for US 30S and soon-to-be-extended US 89. At the time, the road that now carries US 89 did not exist in the eastern part of South Ogden. Instead, 30S/89 ran along what's now 5600 South and Wasatch Drive, and the point where Harrison intersected those roads was the southern terminus of 103:

US Census, 1940.

Not long after that, SR 203 was created along a similar alignment as 103, but north of 39:
From route 39 near Harrison Boulevard in Ogden, northerly via the Utah State tuberculosis sanatorium to Second street, thence west to the army supply depot.
Once again, we have to consider that several roads in the area didn't exist at the time: in particular, Harrison Blvd did not exist between today's 9th Street and 20th Street due to the Ogden River Canyon. Canyon Road did exist, but on an alignment slightly farther north and east than what is there today. SR 203 followed that northwest from Valley Drive (SR 39) at the mouth of Ogden Canyon to Mountain Road, north to 9th Street, and west to Harrison Blvd - which did exist north of 9th.

From there, SR 203 went north on Harrison and passed the Utah state tuberculosis sanatorium. (The Utah School for the Deaf and Blind now occupies this location; the site has been served by a series of state routes that will be covered in a future post.) The route turned west on 2nd Street, crossed US 30S/89/91 and SR 204, and continued on to the US Army's Utah General Depot - presumably created due to the outbreak of World War II. Based on topo maps, it looks like the actual west end of SR 203 was located just east of the Union Pacific railroad crossing.

At some point around 1950, US 89 was moved to its modern alignment through South Ogden. This required a short southward extension of SR 103, bringing its southern terminus very close to where 203 ends now (more on that later).

In 1953, the entire north-south portion of SR 203 was truncated, leaving only the part on 2nd Street from the defense depot to Harrison Blvd. That was the case when this map was made. Although no 203 shields made the map, it's fairly obvious where the route went, and the old alignment southeast to SR 39 at Valley Drive is visible as well.

USGS (Ogden/North Ogden), 1955.

(The SR 38 shield on that map is an error; usually older USGS maps are more accurate, but the occasional mistake does make it in here and there.)

Meanwhile to the east, Pineview Dam west of Huntsville was raised 34 feet to its modern height in 1957. This would flood some of the lowlands near Huntsville and put the town on the peninsula it occupies today, but it also meant a new alignment was needed for SR 39. The new road completely bypassed Huntsville to the southeast; it hasn't changed since, and it can be seen on the modern aerial imagery below. 

Google Earth, 2018.

That image was taken in the fall after one of northern Utah's driest winters on record, so the lake level is lower than normal. During such times of low water, the old SR 39 alignment into Huntsville from the south becomes exposed - the road itself has washed away, but the embankment upon which it sat is clearly visible, cutting across the wetlands near the left edge of the image. And if you take a close look at the old roadway, you'll notice the original bridges over both branches of the South Fork Ogden River still stand. But that old alignment wouldn't even be drivable in an ATV without fording streams; a small stream near the north edge of the lake has cut directly through the embankment, as has the South Branch of the South Fork Ogden River - bypassing the original bridge.

Returning back down to Ogden a few years after that, the city requested a mileage swap with UDOT. They wanted to make 12th Street from Washington Blvd (US 30S/89/91) to Harrison Blvd a state highway, in exchange for removing nearby SR 183A (7th Street) from the state system. (Of course, note that Harrison didn't exist at 12th yet.)  This was done in August 1963, and approved by the legislature the next winter. The new highway on 12th Street was designated SR 205.

UDOT, 1964.

But that highway wouldn't even last a year. In 1963, SR 39 was rerouted off 24th Street and Valley Drive and onto 12th Street and Canyon Road - absorbing the year-old SR 205. The portion on Valley Drive was removed from the state system, while the 24th Street segment became an eastward extension of SR 37 (we'll talk about that in a future post, too).

In addition, at this time SR 203 was extended back south, but this time all the way to US 89. From 2nd to 9th Streets, it followed its pre-1953 routing. It then followed a proposed connection through the Ogden River's floodplain to 20th Street/Valley Drive, where it took over the four-block section of SR 39 between 20th and 24th Streets. South of 24th, it completely absorbed SR 103, eliminating that state route designation. The new connection between 9th Street and 20th Street would be completed a few years later in 1967. 

The 1964 changes are shown on this map. To avoid unnecessary clutter, with the exception of the US Highway through town I've left off any routes that do not directly relate to this blog post.

In 1965, SR 39 was extended west again to 1900 West (SR 84, now SR 126) in order to serve the new 12th Street interchange on I-15. And in 1969, it was extended even further to 4700 West (SR 40, now SR 134) although this extension was not open until the following year.
The fact that 39 was extended in 1969 is somewhat unusual; that year featured a systematic mass decommissioning of over 90 state routes, and even more were truncated in some way. SR 203 was one of those: the entire route north of 12th Street (SR 39), including the portion on 2nd Street and the connection to the Defense Depot, was turned back to local jurisdiction. That reduced 203 to its current extent.

SR 39 would receive a few minor realignments in the Canyon Road area. The 1964 map above shows a sharp curve where 12th Street became Canyon Road; that had been straightened out by 1970. Two more minor realignments would occur between Harrison and the mouth of Ogden Canyon; here is a 1970 document showing them:

UDOT, 1970.

SR 39 has not changed since then, but the south end of SR 203 has gone through multiple stages of reconfigurations. The original configuration was a skewed intersection, but it looks like it probably was not possible to continue straight through northbound:

USGS (Ogden), 1967.

Note the erroneous SR 103 designation...103 had changed to 203 three years before. This was fixed on the 1970 map, but by then the intersection had also been reconfigured to two intersections (probably in conjunction with widening US 89 to four lanes). The main 89/203 intersection became a standard 90-degree intersection, with the previous alignment being used for a right-turn lane. The continuation of Harrison southward is known as 1550 East; it got its own three-way intersection with 89.

USGS (Ogden), 1970.

That was a relatively short-term arrangement, though. By 1978, Harrison and 1550 East were once again combined into a single skewed intersection at US 89, probably to allow for a dual left from southbound Harrison:

Google Earth, 1993.

That image also shows the construction of a road running southwest from US 89 here. That would become Ridgeline Drive, but it did not connect to 89 due to its close proximity to the Harrison intersection.

Until 2015, that is. At that time, Harrison was once again realigned to a 90-degree intersection with US 89, this time connecting to Ridgeline Drive on the other side. The new intersection features a rare triple left turn from southbound Harrison to 89. 1550 East is now a right-in/right-out (RIRO) from southbound 89:

Google Earth, 2017.

In 2019, the right turn from northbound 89 to Harrison was widened to two lanes. And further updates to this configuration are likely coming in the near future: current plans call for US 89 to be upgraded to a freeway from Davis County north through I-84, and it will transition back to the current at-grade expressway somewhere in this area.

Route Photos

SR 39

We'll start out heading west from I-15:

Not long after leaving 15, the highway reaches a junction with SR 126. Stay straight for 39 west to Little Mountain, turn left for 126 south to West Haven, or turn right for 126 north to Farr West.

SR 126 runs along 1900 West here, while 39 is on 1200 South.

39 reassurance after the junction

In a couple miles the road reaches 4700 West, which carries SR 134.

Stay straight for Little Mountain.

SR 39 ends here, but the road goes on to Little Mountain and a few salt plants on the shore of the Great Salt Lake.

If you go just past that stop sign and flip a U-turn, you'll see that SR 39 has, in my opinion, one of the coolest views from the start of the route. This is a flat area near the Great Salt Lake, but there are awesome views of the Wasatch all the way into Ogden.

Now, we'll head east from SR 204 (Wall Avenue) in Ogden:

SR 39 reassurance marker heading east on 12th Street.

In a few blocks, we'll reach US 89 at Washington Boulevard. Turn left there for the ATC (Ogden-Weber Applied Technical College); stay straight for the Eccles Dinosaur Park.

US 89 runs either way on Washington Blvd, which also used to be US 91 and US 30S. Stay straight on 12th for SR 39 east.

After another mile, we'll turn slightly to the southeast and come upon a junction with SR 203.

Stay straight for the Eccles Dinosaur Park, or turn right for Weber State University including the Dee Event Center.

SR 203 begins to the right on Harrison Blvd.
Although Ogden Canyon ahead is quite scenic, pedestrians and cyclists probably shouldn't be on this road because it has very little in the way of shoulders. Bicycles are much better off on the North Ogden Divide road a few miles north of here. 

Some sort of pipe is suspended across the mouth of the canyon.

In winter, you'll need snow tires or chains if you want to go to Snowbasin or Powder Mountain.

Based on the amount of green in these photos, you can probably guess fire danger is low. But we have Smokey the Bear to confirm it.

Another narrow shoulder warning sign.

Not a lot of people regularly take this as a scenic drive, but I happen to enjoy it. It looks even better in spring when everything is green.

Coming up is Pineview Dam.

Due to the large snowpack that accumulated during the winter of 2018-19, the reservoir was full and plenty of water was coming down the spillway. SR 158 runs along the crest of the dam, running north to Eden and Powder Mountain.

After another few miles along the south side of Pineview Reservoir, we reach a junction with SR 167 at Trappers Loop Road. Turn there for Snowbasin, Mountain Green, Morgan, and probably the fastest route to Salt Lake City.

After passing around Huntsville, SR 39 will head up the Monte Cristo Highway, following Beaver Creek up the western approach.

A gate is ahead - in this case, the gate where the Monte Cristo Highway closes during the winter months. The relatively low traffic levels and large amounts of snow that fall in this area do not justify keeping it open in winter. 

The general theme of this drive was "sighting distant mountain ranges". Here, peeking through the trees, is the east side of the ridgeline forming the Morgan-Davis county line.

Visible here are the Wellsville Mountains, which lie west of Logan.

I drove this again in October 2019, but obviously I missed the peak of the good leaf season. Apparently it would have been awesome if I'd been here just two weeks before.

A map I had once marked this as a Best of the Road™ Route. I can see why.

The road actually meanders across the Cache County line several times, but we only get one sign for it. This is a significant drainage divide, as water takes two different paths to reach the Great Salt Lake: the Weber County (south) side drains to the Ogden and Weber Rivers, while the Cache (north) side drains to the Little Bear and Bear.

Looks like the snow accumulation season has already begun. SR 39 comes close to 9000 feet but does not exceed that elevation line, making it the lowest-elevation seasonal road in Utah. 

This is one of those signs that flips open and closed, which may explain some of the ugliness associated with it.

I don't think there was a sign, but at some point we enter Rich County, which still drains to the Bear River but to a much higher part of it, via Birch and Woodruff Creeks. The Bear River runs at about 6400 feet where Woodruff Creek empties into it; at the Little Bear mouth in Cache County, it's about 4400 feet.

Open, treeless meadows like this have always fascinated me.

But it doesn't last long, as we'll soon drop into a small canyon occupied by Birch Creek.

This area has a surprising amount of outcrops of red rock. Normally, one thinks of that as a southern Utah thing.

A few miles down from there, the highway enters Woodruff.

Woodruff is most notable for its highway junction between SRs 39 and 16.

Turn left for Garden City, Utah; right for Evanston, Wyoming.

SR 39 ends here, almost 68 miles from and 2200 feet higher than its other end by the Great Salt Lake.

SR 203

SR 203 southbound will begin at 12th Street and head south on Harrison Blvd without a reassurance shield. Before climbing up onto the Ogden bench and Weber State University, we cross the Ogden River.

In a mile or so, the highway will come up on SR 79.

SR 79 begins to the right here on 30th Street.

What they meant to say was "for I-15/84, turn right here". But this is a rather strange way to sign that...especially because if your goal is I-15 south or I-84 east, it's probably better to stay straight here and take US 89.

Many of the traffic signals around Weber State are newer and so have the shield in addition to the street name.

Another newer street blade, but this time with the route number as a secondary name instead of a shield.

SR 203 comes up on its junction with US 89, which is signed with this nice older-spec shield.

Just after that light, we'll get another, much newer JCT 89 sign...which is probably why the old one is still there.

Either direction is US 89. SR 203 ends at the light ahead, where the vast majority of traffic will turn left onto US 89 southbound. So much traffic, in fact, that there are 3 turn lanes.